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世界拱桥建设与技术发展综述

陈宝春 刘君平

陈宝春,刘君平.世界拱桥建设与技术发展综述[J].交通运输工程学报,2020,20(01):27-41.[doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2020.01.002]
引用本文: 陈宝春,刘君平.世界拱桥建设与技术发展综述[J].交通运输工程学报,2020,20(01):27-41.[doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2020.01.002]
CHEN Bao-chun,LIU Jun-ping.Review of construction and technology development of arch bridges in the world[J].Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering,2020,20(01):27-41.[doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2020.01.002]
Citation: CHEN Bao-chun,LIU Jun-ping.Review of construction and technology development of arch bridges in the world[J].Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering,2020,20(01):27-41.[doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2020.01.002]

世界拱桥建设与技术发展综述

doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2020.01.002
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFC0705405)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    陈宝春(1958-),男,福建罗源人,福州大学教授,工学博士,从事拱桥研究。

    通讯作者:

    刘君平(1977-),男,江西安福人,福州大学副研究员,工学博士。

  • 中图分类号: U448.22

Review of construction and technology development of arch bridges in the world

More Information
    Author Bio:

    CHEN Bao-chun(1958-), male, professor, PhD, baochunchen@fzu.edu.cn

    Corresponding author: LIU Jun-ping(1977-), male, associate professor, PhD, ljp0486@163.com.
  • 摘要: 为了解近20年世界拱桥的发展情况,分析了钢拱桥、混凝土拱桥和钢管混凝土拱桥等拱桥的建设和技术创新,展望了拱桥今后的发展趋势。分析结果表明:在活载比重较大、动力问题比较突出的高速铁路桥梁中,拱桥刚度大,应用优势突出。在跨径方面,3种大跨径拱桥的平均跨径分别为464、370和425 m,且最大跨径不断增大,以钢管混凝土拱桥最为明显。在材料方面,高强钢在钢拱桥中的应用趋势并不明显; 混凝土拱桥的材料强度随着跨径的增大而不断提高,超高性能混凝土已经得到应用; 钢管混凝土拱桥的拱肋材料强度在不断提高; 超高性能砂浆的提出将有助于提高圬工拱桥的竞争优势。在结构方面,主拱采用新材料和钢腹板(杆)-混凝土组合截面,与其他结构形成组合结构,以及桥面连续化、轻型化和强调强健性,是重要的技术进步。在施工技术方面,钢管混凝土劲性骨架施工法、转体施工法和快速施工法等的发明,推动着拱桥施工技术的进步。在结构创新与技术进步的推动下,由于拱桥在美观、经济、结构等方面的独特优势,今后仍将被大量修建; 超高性能混凝土有望为拱桥发展带来革命性的变化; 在跨径方面,近期可望取得明显突破的是混凝土拱桥; 桥面系与主拱共同受力、连续化、轻型化和强调强健性也是重要发展方向。

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2019-11-10
  • 刊出日期:  2020-03-24

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