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高速列车动力学性能研究进展

朱海燕 曾庆涛 王宇豪 曾京 邬平波 朱志和 王超文 袁遥 肖乾

朱海燕, 曾庆涛, 王宇豪, 曾京, 邬平波, 朱志和, 王超文, 袁遥, 肖乾. 高速列车动力学性能研究进展[J]. 交通运输工程学报, 2021, 21(3): 57-92. doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2021.03.004
引用本文: 朱海燕, 曾庆涛, 王宇豪, 曾京, 邬平波, 朱志和, 王超文, 袁遥, 肖乾. 高速列车动力学性能研究进展[J]. 交通运输工程学报, 2021, 21(3): 57-92. doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2021.03.004
ZHU Hai-yan, ZENG Qing-tao, WANG Yu-hao, ZENG Jing, WU Ping-bo, ZHU Zhi-he, WANG Chao-wen, YUAN Yao, XIAO Qian. Research progress on dynamics performance of high-speed train[J]. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, 2021, 21(3): 57-92. doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2021.03.004
Citation: ZHU Hai-yan, ZENG Qing-tao, WANG Yu-hao, ZENG Jing, WU Ping-bo, ZHU Zhi-he, WANG Chao-wen, YUAN Yao, XIAO Qian. Research progress on dynamics performance of high-speed train[J]. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, 2021, 21(3): 57-92. doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2021.03.004

高速列车动力学性能研究进展

doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2021.03.004
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 51665015

江西省自然科学基金项目 20202ACBL204008

江西省教育厅科技项目 GJJ190308

江西省教育厅科技项目 GJJ190333

江西省教育厅科技项目 GJJ200614

牵引动力国家重点实验室开放课题 TPL2007

详细信息
    作者简介:

    朱海燕(1975-),男,江西新干人,华东交通大学副教授,工学博士,从事列车系统动力学和空气动力学研究

  • 中图分类号: U270.11

Research progress on dynamics performance of high-speed train

Funds: 

National Natural Science Foundation of China 51665015

Natural Science Foundation of Jiangxi Province 20202ACBL204008

Science and Technology Project of Jiangxi Provincial Department of Education GJJ190308

Science and Technology Project of Jiangxi Provincial Department of Education GJJ190333

Science and Technology Project of Jiangxi Provincial Department of Education GJJ200614

Open Project of State Key Laboratory of Traction Power TPL2007

More Information
  • 摘要: 为更深入全面了解高速列车系统动力学研究现状,综述了高速列车动力学性能对车辆运行稳定性、安全性和平稳性的影响,总结了列车安全评价方法和动力学试验方法在车辆动力学中的应用,基于轮轨间作用力,分析了轮轨磨耗对列车动力学性能的影响,概括了车-桥耦合模型、弓网系统以及列车空气动力模型在车辆系统动力学中的研究内容。分析结果表明:车轮异常磨耗会导致舒适性下降,合理的车轮镟修能有效降低车轮非圆化和车辆系统关键部件的振动,降低车内振动噪声,增加列车运行稳定性、安全性和平稳性;合适的轮对定位刚度和抗蛇行减振器的刚度和阻尼有利于提高列车蛇行运动稳定性和转向架运动临界速度;钢轨波磨严重时会导致钢轨扣件松动,缩短车辆构架和钢轨的使用寿命;通过合理的钢轨廓型打磨可消除曲线波磨,改善轮轨关系;行波效应对车辆安全性影响很大,与相同激励下的各项参数相比,车速为350 km·h-1、行波速度为300 m·s-1时的脱轨系数、轮重减载率和轮轨横向力都有所降低;横风作用下受电弓气动抬升力增大,影响接触网安全,增大弓头阻尼和弓头刚度可改善弓网受流特性。

     

  • 图  1  脱轨系数

    Figure  1.  Derailment coefficients

    图  2  轮重减载率

    Figure  2.  Rates of wheel load reduction

    图  3  轮轴横向力

    Figure  3.  Lateral axle forces

    图  4  构架横向加速度

    Figure  4.  Lateral accelerations of frame

    图  5  不同踏面下的临界速度

    Figure  5.  Critical speeds under different treads

    图  6  不同影响因素的比重

    Figure  6.  Proportions of different influencing factors

    图  7  不同速度下的脱轨系数

    Figure  7.  Derailment coefficients under different speeds

    图  8  不同速度下的轮重减载率

    Figure  8.  Rates of wheel load reduction under different speeds

    图  9  定常稳态与瞬态中国帽风载模型横向力

    Figure  9.  Lateral forces of steady-state and transient China hat wind load model

    图  10  安全性指标对比

    Figure  10.  Comparison of safety indexes

    图  11  车轮多边形对轮轨垂向力的影响

    Figure  11.  Influences of wheel polygon on wheel-rail vertical forces

    图  12  不同模型与磨耗下的最大轮轨垂向力

    Figure  12.  Maximum wheel-rail vertical forces under different models and wears

    图  13  轮轨相对磨耗增幅

    Figure  13.  Relative wear increases between wheel and rail

    图  14  钢轨波磨

    Figure  14.  Rail corrugation

    图  15  激光超声检测系统

    Figure  15.  Laser ultrasonic inspection system

    图  16  打磨前后对比

    Figure  16.  Comparison before and after grinding

    图  17  摩擦磨损试样机结构

    Figure  17.  Structure of friction and wear sample machine

    图  18  车-桥耦合振动模型

    Figure  18.  Vehicle-bridge coupling vibration model

    图  19  不同风速下车速对安全指标的影响

    Figure  19.  Influences of vehicle speed on safety index under different wind speeds

    图  20  不同地震强度下车速对安全指标的影响

    Figure  20.  Influences of vehicle speed on safety indexes under different earthquake intensities

    图  21  不同攻角下的接触压力

    Figure  21.  Contact pressures under different angles of attack

    图  22  不同工况下的脱轨系数

    Figure  22.  Derailment coefficients under different working conditions

    表  1  实际轨道与试验台轨道参数

    Table  1.   Parameters of actual track and bench orbit

    参数 轨道原型 缩尺试验台
    钢轨单位质量/(kg·m-1) 60.0 22.3
    钢轨截面惯性/10-6m 32.17 3.39
    轨下胶垫刚度/(107N·m-1) 4.57~17.30 1.00
    轨下胶垫阻尼/(103N·s·m-1) 75 7
    轨枕质量/kg 125 12
    道床刚度/(107N·m-1) 11.6~28.1 2.0
    道床阻尼/(103N·s·m-1) 58.8~60.0 6.0
    道床参振质量/kg 500~600 60
    路基刚度/(107N·m-1) 5.5~22.6 4.0
    路基阻尼/(107N·s·m-1) 31.75~100.00 7.0
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-01-28
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-08-27
  • 刊出日期:  2021-08-27

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