|Table of Contents|

Handling stability and parameter optimization of centre axle trailer train(PDF)


Research Field:
Publishing date:


Handling stability and parameter optimization of centre axle trailer train
ZHANG Jing-ming1 REN Ze-kai12 ZHANG Hao23 ZHANG Hong-wei23
1. School of Automotive Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology(Weihai), Weihai 264209, Shandong, China; 2. Research Institute of Highway of Ministry of Transport, Beijing 100088, China; 3. Key Laboratory of Operation Safety Technology on Transport Vehicles of Ministry of Transport, Research Institute of Highway of Ministry of Transport, Beijing 100088, China
automotive engineering centre axle trailer train handling stability parameter optimization simulation analysis uniform test
To improve the handling stability of centre axle trailer train, the relationships among yaw motion, roll motion, longitudinal and lateral motion were analyzed. The 4-degree of freedom(DOF)dynamics simulation model was established by using MATLAB/Simulink based on the theory of vehicle dynamics. The multi-DOF complex nonlinearity simulation model of the train was established by using TruckSim. The handling stability testing system of the train was constructed through VBOX data acquisition system and RT gyroscope. According to the related standard, single lane change tests were carried out in real vehicle test condition and simulation test condition, and the comparative analysis between test result and simulation result was carried out. Comprehensive evaluation score model of the train was proposed based on the rearward amplification(RA)of yaw rate, articulation rate, rearward amplification of lateral acceleration, load transfer ratio(LTR). Through virtual prototyping technology, the related parameters that have significant impacts on the handling stability of the train were optimized based on the theory of uniform test and multiple linear regression analysis. Optimization result shows that the related parameters of tractor and centre axle trailer improve in varying degrees after the optimization. The maximum yaw rates of tractor and centre axle trailer decrease from 0.107 2 and 0.140 8 rad·s-1 to 0.092 5 and 0.103 7 rad·s-1, respectively, and the rearward amplification of yaw rate of centre axle trailer train reduces by 15.15%. The maximum lateral accelerations of tractor and centre axle trailer decrease from 0.21g and 0.27g to 0.19g and 0.20g, respectively, and the rearward amplification of lateral acceleration of centre axle trailer train reduces by 12.10%. The maximum articulation rate and maximum load transfer ratio of centre axle trailer train reduce by 23.01% and 29.41%,respectively. The comprehensive evaluation score of centre axle trailer train increases from 86.66 to 109.02, so the comprehensive performance improves. 6 tabs, 19 figs, 26 refs.


[1] WIDMER J A. A proposal of an international vehicle designation structure for cargo combination vehicles[C]∥JACOB B, NORDENGEN P, O'CONNOR A, et al. Proceedings of the International Conference on Heavy Vehicles. Hoboken: Wiley, 2008: 567-579.
[2] AURELL J, WADMANT. Vehicle combinations based on the modular concept[R]. Stockholm: Nordic Road Association, 2007.
[3] GRISLIS A. Longer combination vehicles and road safety[J]. Transport, 2010, 25(3): 336-343.
[4] PREM H, LAMBERT A. Dynamic stability of double b-double road trains[C]∥TRB. 7th International Symposium on Heavy Vehicle Weights and Dimensions. Washington DC: TRB, 2002: 375-384.
[5] SHARAF A M. Directional stability of tractor-semitrailers versus truck-full trailers[J]. International Journal of Heavy Vehicle Systems, 2013, 20(1): 61-75.
[6] HANLEY P F, FORKENBROCK D J. Safety of passing longer combination vehicles on two-lane highways[J]. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 2005, 39(1): 1-15.
[7] REN Ai-jun, WU Zhi-cheng, BAO Jie. Study on lateral stability of vehicle-trailer system based on multi-body dynamic simulation[J]. Advanced Materials Research, 2013, 765-767: 345-350.
[8] 蔡世芳.汽车操纵稳定性评价指标和参数匹配的工程分析方法[J].汽车工程,1985,7(1):31-39,47.
CAI Shi-fang. Engineering analytical method for determining the criteria and desirable parameters of vehicle handling performance[J]. Automotive Engineering, 1985, 7(1): 31-39, 47.(in Chinese)
[9] 王德杉,谢进荣.汽车半挂列车稳态转向特性的研究[J].汽车工程,1989,11(3):23-31,22.
WANG De-shan, XIE Jin-rong. Steady turnability of semi-trailer train[J]. Automotive Engineering, 1989, 11(3): 23-31, 22.(in Chinese)
[10] 孙经来.重型商用车操纵稳定性分析及参数匹配[D].长春:
SUN Jing-lai. Analysis and parameter matching of handling stability for heavy-duty truck[D]. Changchun: Jilin University, 2010.(in Chinese)
[11] UTERI(ˇoverC)G, PREBIL I, AMBRO M. The snaking stability of passenger cars with light cargo trailers[J]. Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 2014, 60(9): 539-548.
[12] 杨秀建,李耀平,熊 坚.半挂汽车列车横向稳定性与失稳机理分析[J].汽车工程,2011,33(6):486-492.
YANG Xiu-jian, LI Yao-ping, XIONG Jian. Analysis on the lateral stability and instability mechanism of tractor-semitrailer combination[J]. Automotive Engineering, 2011, 33(6): 486-492.(in Chinese)
[13] SUNDSTRÖM P, ANDREASSON J. Model-based design and control of long heavy vehicle combinations[C]∥IEEE. 2016 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium. New York: IEEE, 2016: 790-795.
[14] KHARRAZI S, LIDBERG M, FREDRIKSSON J. A generic controller for improving lateral performance of heavy vehicle combinations[J]. Journal of Automobile Engineering, 2013, 227(5): 619-642.
[15] OU Chuan-Jin, LIU Xian-dong, ZHANG Hong-wei, et al. Parameters match and optimization on controllability and stability of tractor-semitrailers[C]∥ASCE. The Twelfth Cota International Conference of Transportation Professionals. Reston: ASCE, 2012: 2368-2378.
[16] 张学艳,张文明,罗维东,等.六轮电驱动铰接式自卸车操纵稳定性研究[J].汽车工程,2014,36(11):1327-1333,1344.
ZHANG Xue-yan, ZHANG Wen-ming, LUO Wei-dong, et al. A study on the handing stability of an articulated dump truck with six motor-driven wheels[J]. Automotive Engineering, 2014, 36(11): 1327-1333, 1344.(in Chinese)
[17] YANG Yu-liang, YANG Yu, SUN Ying, et al. Performance optimization for the centre axle trailer combination[J]. SAE International Journal of Commercial Vehicles, 2017, 10(1): 236-244.
[18] 朱天军,郑红艳,侯红娟.基于MATLAB的半挂汽车列车侧倾稳定性分析[J].汽车技术,2008(11):16-20,47.
ZHU Tian-jun, ZHENG Hong-yan, HOU Hong-juan. Roll stability analysis of semitrailer train based on MATLAB[J]. Automobile Technology, 2008(11): 16-20, 47.(in Chinese)
[19] 韦超毅.拖挂式房车列车操纵稳定性研究[D].镇江:江苏大学,2008.
WEI Chao-yi. Study on handling stability of caravan[D]. Zhenjiang: Jiangsu University, 2008.(in Chinese)
[20] LUIJTEN M F J. Lateral dynamic behaviour of articulated commercial vehicles[D]. Eindhoven: Eindhoven University of Technology, 2010.
[21] 朱天军,李 飞,宗长富,等.重型半挂车多目标稳定性控制策略[J].农业机械学报,2011,42(12):32-37.
ZHU Tian-jun, LI Fei, ZONG Chang-fu, et al. Multi-objective stability control strategy of heavy tractor semi-trailer[J]. Transactions of the Chinese Society for Agricultural Machinery, 2011, 42(12): 32-37.(in Chinese)
[22] HAC A, FULK D, CHEN H. Stability and control considerations of vehicle-trailer combination[J]. SAE International Journal of Passenger Cars Mechanical Systems, 2008, 1(1): 925-937.
[23] 张义花,许洪国,刘宏飞,等.双挂汽车列车操纵稳定性评价指标研究[J].中国公路学报,2017,30(5):145-151.
ZHANG Yi-hua, XU Hong-guo, LIU Hong-fei, et al. Research on the evaluation index of handling stability of tractor and double trailer combination[J]. China Journal of Highway and Transport, 2017, 30(5): 145-151.(in Chinese)
[24] 刘宏飞,许洪国,曹昕燕,等.非典型移线下半挂汽车列车横向稳定性[J].江苏大学学报:自然科学版,2010,31(2):150-154.
LIU Hong-fei, XU Hong-guo, CAO Xin-yan, et al. Lateral stability of tractor-semitrailer under non-typical lane-change[J]. Journal of Jiangsu University: Natural Science Edition, 2010, 31(2): 150-154.(in Chinese)
[25] 黄乾生.基于差动制动的半挂汽车列车主动安全控制的仿真研究[D].长春:吉林大学,2009.
HUANG Qian-sheng. Research on simulation of active safety control of tractor-semitrailer based on differential braking[D]. Changchun: Jilin University, 2009.(in Chinese)
[26] LARISH C, PIYABONGKARN D, TSOURAPAS V, et al. A new predictive lateral load transfer ratio for rollover prevention systems[J]. IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 2013, 62(7): 2928-2936.


Last Update: 2018-05-20