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时间依赖需求下多车型快速公交发车频率优化

代存杰 李引珍 马昌喜 柴 获

代存杰,李引珍,马昌喜,等.时间依赖需求下多车型快速公交发车频率优化[J].交通运输工程学报,2017,17(01):129-139.
引用本文: 代存杰,李引珍,马昌喜,等.时间依赖需求下多车型快速公交发车频率优化[J].交通运输工程学报,2017,17(01):129-139.
DAI Cun-jie,LI Yin-zhen,MA Chang -xi,et al.Optimization of departure frequency for bus rapid transit with multi-type vehicles under time-dependent demand[J].Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering,2017,17(01):129-139.
Citation: DAI Cun-jie,LI Yin-zhen,MA Chang -xi,et al.Optimization of departure frequency for bus rapid transit with multi-type vehicles under time-dependent demand[J].Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering,2017,17(01):129-139.

时间依赖需求下多车型快速公交发车频率优化

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(61164003,51408288,61563029); 甘 肃省自然科学基金项目(148RJZA049); 兰州市科技计划项目(2014-1- 172); 兰州交通大学青年科学研究基金项目(2014014)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    代存杰(1982-),男,山东郓城人,兰州交通大学工学博士研究 生,从事交通网络优化理论及算法研究。

    李引珍(1963-),男,甘肃天水人,兰州交通大学教授,工学博 士。

  • 中图分类号: U492.22

Optimization of departure frequency for bus rapid transit with multi-type vehicles under time-dependent demand

  • 摘要: 以公共交通网络中的单条快速公交线路为研究对象,分析了快速 公交车辆的发车间隔特征和沿线乘客出行需求的时间依赖特征; 考虑 多类型公交车辆协同作业,以所有乘客的累计等待时间最小和车辆的平 均满载率最大为目标,以最小、最大发车时间间隔和车辆运能的供需比 为约束,建立多类型快速公交车辆协同作业模式下的发车频率优化模型 ; 利用改进的非支配排序遗传算法对模型求解,并应用兰州市快速公交 数据进行实例分析。分析结果表明:乘客累计等待时间分别取最大值、 中间值和最小值时,优化后的发车次数比实际发车次数分别降低22.9% 、16.7%和8.4%,对应的车辆平均满载率分别提高27.4%、15.1%和3.9%; 与单一类型的快速公交车辆独立作业相比,2种类型的快速公交车辆协 同作业的平均发车次数增加7.9%,平均乘客累计等待时间降低23.8%。 可见,根据乘客出行需求的时间依赖特征,合理安排不同类型的快速公 交车辆协同作业,对发车频率进行优化,能有效减少乘客等待时间,提高 公交车辆利用效率。

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-08-10
  • 刊出日期:  2017-03-20

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