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中低速磁浮车辆研究综述

马卫华 罗世辉 张敏 盛卓航

马卫华, 罗世辉, 张敏, 盛卓航. 中低速磁浮车辆研究综述[J]. 交通运输工程学报, 2021, 21(1): 199-216. doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2021.01.009
引用本文: 马卫华, 罗世辉, 张敏, 盛卓航. 中低速磁浮车辆研究综述[J]. 交通运输工程学报, 2021, 21(1): 199-216. doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2021.01.009
MA Wei-hua, LUO Shi-hui, ZHANG Min, SHENG Zhuo-hang. Research review on medium and low speed maglev vehicle[J]. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, 2021, 21(1): 199-216. doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2021.01.009
Citation: MA Wei-hua, LUO Shi-hui, ZHANG Min, SHENG Zhuo-hang. Research review on medium and low speed maglev vehicle[J]. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, 2021, 21(1): 199-216. doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2021.01.009

中低速磁浮车辆研究综述

doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2021.01.009
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 51875483

牵引动力国家重点实验室自主课题 2020TPL_T04

详细信息
    作者简介:

    马卫华(1979-),男,山东滕州人,西南交通大学研究员,工学博士,从事磁浮列车悬浮架设计及常导磁浮列车动力学研究

    通讯作者:

    张敏(1987-),女,四川自贡人,西南交通大学助理研究员,工学博士

  • 中图分类号: U266.4

Research review on medium and low speed maglev vehicle

Funds: 

National Natural Science Foundation of China 51875483

Independent Subject of State Key Laboratory of Traction Power 2020TPL_T04

More Information
  • 摘要: 基于电磁悬浮型中低速磁浮列车的工作原理,阐述了中低速磁浮各核心子系统(悬浮导向系统、牵引电机、走行机构、制动系统、轨道-桥梁结构等)的技术特征,综合分析了各子系统存在的技术问题和解决方案;梳理了日本Linimo列车、韩国EcoBee列车、长沙磁浮快线、北京磁浮S1线和西南交通大学自主研发的(悬挂)中置式磁浮列车的发展历程及技术特点,总结了中低速磁浮列车的技术重点和难点。研究结果表明:车-轨耦合振动应综合考虑悬浮控制、车辆结构参数、桥梁结构参数、空气动力效应、直线电机等因素的影响,建立完备的车-轨耦合振动研究模型;悬浮冗余匮乏可综合利用机械冗余和电气冗余的技术特点,对中低速磁浮的冗余设计方案进行改进;磁浮靴轨受流应与地铁靴轨受流区分,充分考虑磁浮列车的耦合作用特性,探索无缝供电轨技术在中低速磁浮中的工程实用性;悬浮控制由于控制器主频较低,程序运行周期过长,应提高控制算法和悬浮系统故障诊断技术的精确性和稳定性;车辆轻量化设计应在保证结构强度的基础上,综合考虑车体、走行机构等多因素的结构特点,以提高中低速磁浮列车运载能力;应综合不同磁浮线路要求,建立统一的线路标准,提高中低速磁浮工程化应用能力。

     

  • 图  1  中低速磁浮车辆悬浮与导向系统断面

    Figure  1.  Cross section of levitation-guidance system of medium and low speed maglev vehicle

    图  2  悬浮控制系统的信号流

    Figure  2.  Signal flow of levitation control system

    图  3  短定子直线感应电机原理

    Figure  3.  Principle of short stator LIM

    图  4  中低速磁浮车辆转向架

    Figure  4.  Bogie for medium and low speed maglev vehicle

    图  5  (悬挂)中置式悬浮架

    Figure  5.  Levitation frame of (suspension) mid-set

    图  6  中低速磁浮轨道-桥梁结构断面

    Figure  6.  Structure sections of track-bridge of medium and low speed maglev

    图  7  TKL线轨道梁

    Figure  7.  Track beam of TKL line

    图  8  HSST磁浮车辆走行机构

    Figure  8.  Running gear of HSST maglev vehicle

    图  9  仁川机场线轨道梁

    Figure  9.  Track beam of Incheon Airport Line

    图  10  长沙磁浮车辆的走行机构基本方案

    Figure  10.  Basic scheme of Changsha maglev vehicle running gear

    图  11  (悬挂)中置式磁浮工程试验车

    Figure  11.  Maglev engineering test vehicle of (suspension) mid-set

    图  12  城市轨道交通各制式最高运行速度域

    Figure  12.  Maximum operating speed ranges of different modes of urban rail transit

    表  1  各国中低速磁浮走行机构基本特点

    Table  1.   Basic characteristics of medium and low speed maglev running gears in various countries

    参数 日本
    Linimo列车
    韩国
    EcoBee列车
    中国
    长沙磁浮线 北京磁浮S1线 (悬挂)中置式
    单节车悬浮架数 5 4 5 5 3~6
    悬浮架结构形式 “口”字型 “口”字型 “口”字型 “口”字型 “工”字型
    设计最高运行速度/(km·h-1) 100 110 110 110 160~200
    驱动方式 LIM LIM LIM LIM LIM
    轨距/mm 1 700 1 850 1 860 2 000 1 900
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  简支梁关键设计参数限值

    Table  2.   Limit values of key design parameters of simply supported beams

    现有磁浮线路规范 挠跨比限值 垂向基频最低限值 动力系数限值
    长沙磁浮线 L/4 600 90/ L 1.15
    北京磁浮S1线 L/3 800
    唐山中低速磁浮试验线 L/3 800 64/ L
    韩国UTM磁浮系统 L/4 000
    日本HSST磁浮系统 L/1 500(20 < L≤25) 63/ L 1.1/1.2(钢梁)
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  不同车辆质量和速度作用下跨中动力系数

    Table  3.   Dynamic coefficients of midspan under different vehicle masses and speeds

    车体质量/t 速度/(km·h-1)
    10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80
    25 1.030 1.033 1.036 1.037 1.040 1.041 1.047 1.061
    30 1.031 1.036 1.045 1.053 1.053 1.066 1.071 1.075
    35 1.035 1.040 1.049 1.057 1.057 1.068 1.073 1.076
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  日本Linimo列车主要性能参数

    Table  4.   Main performance parameters of Linimo train in Japan

    最高运行速度/(km·h-1) 最大爬坡能力/‰ 最大加速度/(m·s-2) 常用制动最大减速度/(m·s-2) 最小通过曲线半径/m 编组 单节车载客量/人
    100 70 1.11 1.25 50 3 82
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  韩国EcoBee列车主要性能参数

    Table  5.   Main performance parameters of EcoBee train in Korea

    最高运行速度/(km·h-1) 最大爬坡能力/‰ 最大加速度/(m·s-2) 常用制动最大减速度/(m·s-2) 最小通过曲线半径/m 编组 单节车载客量/人
    110 70 1.11 1.25 50 2 115
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  长沙磁浮线列车主要性能参数

    Table  6.   Main performance parameters of Changsha maglev line train

    最高运行速度/(km·h-1) 最大爬坡能力/‰ 最大加速度/(m·s-2) 常用制动最大减速度/(m·s-2) 最小通过曲线半径/m 编组 单节车载客量/人
    110 70 1.1 1.1 50 3 121
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  7  北京磁浮S1线列车主要性能参数

    Table  7.   Main performance parameters of Beijing maglev line S1 train

    设计最高速度/(km·h-1) 最大爬坡能力/‰ 最大加速度/(m·s-2) 常用制动最大减速度/(m·s-2) 最小通过曲线半径/m 编组 单节车载客量/人
    110 70 1.1 1.1 50 6 168
    下载: 导出CSV
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