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钢桥疲劳研究进展

王春生 翟慕赛 王雨竹

王春生, 翟慕赛, 王雨竹. 钢桥疲劳研究进展[J]. 交通运输工程学报, 2024, 24(1): 9-42. doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2024.01.002
引用本文: 王春生, 翟慕赛, 王雨竹. 钢桥疲劳研究进展[J]. 交通运输工程学报, 2024, 24(1): 9-42. doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2024.01.002
WANG Chun-sheng, ZHAI Mu-sai, WANG Yu-zhu. Research progresses on fatigue in steel bridges[J]. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, 2024, 24(1): 9-42. doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2024.01.002
Citation: WANG Chun-sheng, ZHAI Mu-sai, WANG Yu-zhu. Research progresses on fatigue in steel bridges[J]. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, 2024, 24(1): 9-42. doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2024.01.002

钢桥疲劳研究进展

doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2024.01.002
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金项目 52178105

交通运输部科技创新人才推进计划 2018-020

陕西省创新能力支撑计划项目 2019TD-022

中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目 300102219309

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王春生(1972-), 男, 黑龙江绥化人, 长安大学教授, 工学博士, 从事钢桥与组合结构桥梁研究

  • 中图分类号: U443.31

Research progresses on fatigue in steel bridges

Funds: 

National Natural Science Foundation of China 52178105

Ministry of Transport Science and Technology Innovation Talents Promotion Plan 2018-020

Innovation Capability Support Program of Shaanxi Province 2019TD-022

Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities 300102219309

More Information
  • 摘要:

    系统归纳与剖析了钢桥疲劳研究新进展,总结了钢桥疲劳荷载、疲劳机理、抗疲劳设计方法、疲劳安全监测与评估、疲劳安全维护等方面的创新成果,探讨了钢桥建设与运维面临的技术挑战,展望了钢桥疲劳创新研究发展方向。研究结果表明:(1)已研发的与桥位处交通荷载特征、结构型式、设计使用年限匹配的车辆、列车、温度疲劳荷载模型,推进了长寿命桥梁抗疲劳设计理论的完善;(2)采用车辆-温度耦合疲劳应力的“冲浪”计算模型能够较好反映钢桥实际疲劳损伤度,温度与车辆耦合作用下的疲劳累积损伤度比仅考虑车辆作用时大10%~ 15%;(3)涌现了物理疲劳试验、数字疲劳试验和原位疲劳试验技术相融合的疲劳机理研究新范式,部分改变了传统疲劳认知,探明了畸变变形比、应力比对畸变疲劳行为与细节疲劳强度的影响规律,发现了实桥拉吊索服役大应力比条件下钢丝疲劳强度骤降现象,揭示了拉吊索钢丝强度等级由1 670 MPa提高到2 060 MPa时钢丝疲劳强度先增大、后下降的客观规律,明确了耐候钢桥细节腐蚀后疲劳强度并未下降的客观事实;(4)全桥多物理场、跨尺度和多概率疲劳孪生模型的构建已逐步实现,促进了数据原生、数据相生和虚实共生的钢桥疲劳元宇宙技术的诞生;(5)为解决钢桥细节带疲劳裂纹工作状态下的设计难题,需要把疲劳裂纹作为控制结构使用功能和安全的关键技术指标,采用损伤容限理论进行钢桥抗疲劳设计;(6)为突破裂纹感知和荷载获取的技术瓶颈,需将声发射、数字摄像/摄影、计算机视觉技术、深度学习等人工智能新技术深度融合,创建钢桥数字化疲劳荷载与损伤监测数据库,为钢桥疲劳机理、设计与评估方法研究提供完备信息;(7)为解决传统线性累积损伤评估模型无法对开裂细节疲劳寿命进行预测的技术难题,需构建基于数字孪生技术的钢桥数字疲劳评估模型,实现疲劳裂纹跨尺度、全程精准数字化描述,建立钢桥疲劳智能监测-孪生模拟-智能评估-智慧决策一体化数字疲劳评估平台;(8)冷维护技术能够对钢桥疲劳裂纹进行靶向、高效加固,且可实现对原结构零损伤或微损伤,能在不中断交通条件下实施,应用前景广阔;(9)针对钢桥疲劳损伤程度、性能提升与延寿目标需求,可灵活运用冷维护、热维护和冷-热混合维护技术,实现钢桥疲劳维护的强韧化、轻量化。

     

  • 图  1  钢桥车辆-温度耦合作用分析的“冲浪”模型

    Figure  1.  Surfing models of vehicle-temperature coupling analysis for steel bridges

    图  2  钢桥物理疲劳试验

    Figure  2.  Physical fatigue tests for steel bridges

    图  3  钢桥数字疲劳试验方法

    Figure  3.  Digital fatigue tests for steel bridges

    图  4  铆接钢桥疲劳裂纹

    Figure  4.  Fatigue cracks in riveted steel bridges

    图  5  铆接接头物理疲劳试验

    Figure  5.  Physical fatigue tests for riveted joints

    图  6  足尺铆接接头疲劳试验数据

    Figure  6.  Fatigue test data of full-size riveted joints

    图  7  摩擦型高强螺栓接头疲劳试验数据

    Figure  7.  Fatigue test data of high-strength bolt joints of friction style

    图  8  焊接接头热点应力与缺口应力

    Figure  8.  Hot-spot stress and notch stress for welded joints

    图  9  耐候钢焊接接头疲劳试验

    Figure  9.  Fatigue tests of welded weathering steel joints

    图  10  钢板梁桥腹板间隙畸变疲劳细节

    Figure  10.  Distortion-induced fatigue details at web gaps in steel plate girder bridges

    图  11  腹板间隙畸变疲劳试验

    Figure  11.  Fatigue tests for distortion-induced details at web gaps

    图  12  钢桥整体节点

    Figure  12.  Integral joints in steel bridges

    图  13  芜湖长江大桥整体节点疲劳试验

    Figure  13.  Fatigue test of integral joint in Wuhu Yangtze River Bridge

    图  14  索梁锚固区疲劳试验

    Figure  14.  Fatigue test of cable-girder anchored zones

    图  15  钢桥面板典型疲劳细节

    Figure  15.  Typical fatigue details in steel bridge decks

    图  16  钢桥面板疲劳试验

    Figure  16.  Fatigue tests of steel bridge decks

    图  17  拉索钢丝疲劳试验

    Figure  17.  Fatigue tests of cable wires

    图  18  不同应力比下钢丝的疲劳强度

    Figure  18.  Fatigue strengths of steel wires under different stress ratios

    图  19  不同强度等级钢丝的疲劳强度(R=0.4)

    Figure  19.  Fatigue strengths of steel wires with different strengths (R=0.4)

    图  20  服役后钢丝不同锈蚀程度下的剩余疲劳强度(R=0.4)

    Figure  20.  Remaining fatigue strengths of existing steel wires under different rusting grades (R=0.4)

    图  21  损伤容限设计法

    Figure  21.  Damage tolerance design method

    图  22  基于声发射的疲劳裂纹扩展监测

    Figure  22.  Fatigue crack propagation monitoring by acoustic emission

    图  23  基于数字图像相关技术的疲劳监测

    Figure  23.  Fatigue monitoring based on DIC techniques

    图  24  简化断裂力学分析模型

    Figure  24.  Simplified fracture mechanical analysis models

    图  25  铆接接头疲劳裂纹的随机扩展

    Figure  25.  Random propagation for fatigue cracks in riveted connections

    图  26  钢桥面板的数字疲劳评估

    Figure  26.  Digital fatigue evaluation of steel bridge decks

    图  27  阻止钢桥疲劳裂纹扩展的止裂孔

    Figure  27.  Stop hole to restrict fatigue crack propagation in steel bridges

    图  28  疲劳开裂细节的冷连接加固法

    Figure  28.  Cold connecting reinforcement methods for fatigue cracking details

    图  29  “疲劳+耐久性+疲劳”足尺节段模型物理试验

    Figure  29.  Physical tests of full-scale segmental models by sequence of fatigue, durability and fatigue

    图  30  “耐久性+疲劳”原位疲劳试验

    Figure  30.  In-situ fatigue tests of durability and fatigue

    图  31  实桥钢桥面板畸变疲劳裂纹冷连接板件加固

    Figure  31.  Cold connecting plate reinforcement for distortion-induced fatigue cracks in actual steel bridge decks

    图  32  实桥钢桥面板疲劳裂纹粘贴碳纤维布-角钢复合加固

    Figure  32.  Composite reinforcement using bonding carbon fiber sheets and steel angles for fatigue cracks in actual steel bridge decks

    图  33  采用胶粘波折板剪力键的钢-UHPFRC组合钢桥面板

    Figure  33.  Steel-UHPFRC composite bridge decks with glued corrugated steel plate connectors

    表  1  采用不同剪力键的UHPFRC组合钢桥面板应力分析

    Table  1.   Stress analysis of UHPFRC composite steel bridge deck with different shear connectors

    连接方式 纵肋-顶板连接细节 横隔板-纵肋连接细节 横隔板挖孔细节
    栓钉剪力键应力/MPa -12.2 23.2 -39.0
    胶粘波折板剪力键应力/MPa -8.0 13.5 -32.4
    应力降幅/% 34.4 41.8 16.9
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2023-10-07
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-03-13
  • 刊出日期:  2024-02-25

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