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高原机场飞机起飞滑跑距离计算方法

蔡良才 王海服 朱占卿 种小雷

蔡良才, 王海服, 朱占卿, 种小雷. 高原机场飞机起飞滑跑距离计算方法[J]. 交通运输工程学报, 2013, 13(2): 66-72. doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2013.02.010
引用本文: 蔡良才, 王海服, 朱占卿, 种小雷. 高原机场飞机起飞滑跑距离计算方法[J]. 交通运输工程学报, 2013, 13(2): 66-72. doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2013.02.010
CAI Liang-cai, WANG Hai-fu, ZHU Zhan-qing, ZHONG Xiao-lei. Calculation method of running distance for aircraft takeoff on plateau airport[J]. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, 2013, 13(2): 66-72. doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2013.02.010
Citation: CAI Liang-cai, WANG Hai-fu, ZHU Zhan-qing, ZHONG Xiao-lei. Calculation method of running distance for aircraft takeoff on plateau airport[J]. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, 2013, 13(2): 66-72. doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2013.02.010

高原机场飞机起飞滑跑距离计算方法

doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2013.02.010
基金项目: 

军队科研项目 BKJ11J018

详细信息
    作者简介:

    蔡良才(1960-), 男, 浙江宁波人, 空军工程大学教授, 工学博士, 从事机场规划与设计研究

  • 中图分类号: V351.11

Calculation method of running distance for aircraft takeoff on plateau airport

More Information
    Author Bio:

    CAI Liang-cai(1960-), male, professor, PhD, +86-29-84787008, liangcai07@126.com

  • 摘要: 针对高原机场的复杂环境和飞机发动机性能明显下降的特点, 分析了高原机场的飞机起飞滑跑过程。将机场实际气压换算为标准大气压力, 用修正的发动机瞬时推力计算不同时刻的滑跑距离, 提出了高原机场飞机起飞滑跑距离计算方法。分析了海拔高度、起飞质量、气温、风速等影响因素对飞机起飞滑跑距离的影响, 得出滑跑距离的简化计算公式并进行了实例验证。分析结果表明: 当高原机场海拔高度3 569.5 m, 气温为16.4 ℃, 逆风风速为2.1 m·s-1时, 针对Ⅰ型飞机, 采用提出方法计算的滑跑距离与实测滑跑距离的最大绝对误差不超过48 m, 最大相对误差不超过2.7%;针对Ⅱ型飞机, 采用提出方法计算的滑跑距离与实测滑跑距离的最大绝对误差不超过100 m, 最大相对误差不超过4.2%;针对Ⅰ型飞机与Ⅱ型飞机, 应用简化计算公式计算的滑跑距离与实测滑跑距离的最大相对误差分别为3.9%和2.8%, 满足工程精度要求。

     

  • 图  1  计算值与实测值对比曲线

    Figure  1.  Comparison curves bewteen calculation values and test values

    图  2  滑跑距离与海拔高度的关系

    Figure  2.  Relations between running distances and altitudes

    图  3  Ⅰ型飞机滑跑距离与起飞质量的关系

    Figure  3.  Relations between running distances and takeoff masses for aircraft Ⅰ

    图  4  Ⅱ型飞机滑跑距离与起飞质量的关系

    Figure  4.  Relations between running distances and takeoff masses for aircraft Ⅱ

    图  5  Ⅰ型飞机滑跑距离与机场温度的关系

    Figure  5.  Relations between running distances and airport temperatures for aircraft Ⅰ

    图  6  Ⅱ型飞机滑跑距离与机场温度的关系

    Figure  6.  Relations between running distances and airport temperatures for aircraft Ⅱ

    图  7  Ⅰ型飞机滑跑距离与风速的关系

    Figure  7.  Relations between running distances and wind speeds for aircraft Ⅰ

    图  8  Ⅱ型飞机滑跑距离与风速的关系

    Figure  8.  Relations between running distances and wind speeds for aircraft Ⅱ

    表  1  绝对误差与相对误差

    Table  1.   Absolue errors and relative errors

    机型 组号 1 2 3 4 5
    Ⅰ型 绝对误差/m 20 25 26 31 48
    相对误差/% 2.0 2.2 1.8 1.9 2.7
    Ⅱ型 绝对误差/m 32 75 71 22 100
    相对误差/% 2.6 3.8 3.3 0.8 4.2
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  起飞质量与滑跑距离

    Table  2.   Takeoff masses and running distances

    Ⅰ型飞机 起飞质量/kg 24 140 25 560 26 160 27 720 28 000
    计算距离/m 1 150 1 325 1 400 1 595 1 630
    实测距离/m 1 162 1 303 1 366 1 537 1 569
    Ⅱ型飞机 起飞质量/kg 13 297 14 139 15 415 16 477 17 757
    计算距离/m 586 847 1 243 1 571 1 969
    实测距离/m 603 805 1 198 1 537 1 921
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2012-09-18
  • 刊出日期:  2013-04-25

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