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世界拱桥建设与技术发展综述

陈宝春 刘君平

陈宝春, 刘君平. 世界拱桥建设与技术发展综述[J]. 交通运输工程学报, 2020, 20(1): 27-41. doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2020.01.002
引用本文: 陈宝春, 刘君平. 世界拱桥建设与技术发展综述[J]. 交通运输工程学报, 2020, 20(1): 27-41. doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2020.01.002
CHEN Bao-chun, LIU Jun-ping. Review of construction and technology development of arch bridges in the world[J]. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, 2020, 20(1): 27-41. doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2020.01.002
Citation: CHEN Bao-chun, LIU Jun-ping. Review of construction and technology development of arch bridges in the world[J]. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, 2020, 20(1): 27-41. doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2020.01.002

世界拱桥建设与技术发展综述

doi: 10.19818/j.cnki.1671-1637.2020.01.002
基金项目: 

国家重点研发计划项目 2018YFC0705405

详细信息
    作者简介:

    陈宝春(1958-), 男, 福建罗源人, 福州大学教授, 工学博士, 从事拱桥研究

    通讯作者:

    刘君平(1977-), 男, 江西安福人, 福州大学副研究员, 工学博士

  • 中图分类号: U448.22

Review of construction and technology development of arch bridges in the world

More Information
  • 摘要: 为了解近20年世界拱桥的发展情况, 分析了钢拱桥、混凝土拱桥和钢管混凝土拱桥等拱桥的建设和技术创新, 展望了拱桥今后的发展趋势。分析结果表明: 在活载比重较大、动力问题比较突出的高速铁路桥梁中, 拱桥刚度大, 应用优势突出。在跨径方面, 3种大跨径拱桥的平均跨径分别为464、370和425 m, 且最大跨径不断增大, 以钢管混凝土拱桥最为明显。在材料方面, 高强钢在钢拱桥中的应用趋势并不明显; 混凝土拱桥的材料强度随着跨径的增大而不断提高, 超高性能混凝土已经得到应用; 钢管混凝土拱桥的拱肋材料强度在不断提高; 超高性能砂浆的提出将有助于提高圬工拱桥的竞争优势。在结构方面, 主拱采用新材料和钢腹板(杆)-混凝土组合截面, 与其他结构形成组合结构, 以及桥面连续化、轻型化和强调强健性, 是重要的技术进步。在施工技术方面, 钢管混凝土劲性骨架施工法、转体施工法和快速施工法等的发明, 推动着拱桥施工技术的进步。在结构创新与技术进步的推动下, 由于拱桥在美观、经济、结构等方面的独特优势, 今后仍将被大量修建; 超高性能混凝土有望为拱桥发展带来革命性的变化; 在跨径方面, 近期可望取得明显突破的是混凝土拱桥; 桥面系与主拱共同受力、连续化、轻型化和强调强健性也是重要发展方向。

     

  • 图  1  印度Chenab钢拱桥

    Figure  1.  Chenab Steel Arch Bridge in India

    图  2  西班牙Almonte大桥

    Figure  2.  Almonte Bridge in Spain

    图  3  瑞士Tamina Canyon桥

    Figure  3.  Tamina Canyon Bridge in Switzerland

    图  4  拉林铁路藏木特大桥

    Figure  4.  Zangmu Bridge on Lhasa-Linzhi Raiway

    图  5  合江长江公路大桥

    Figure  5.  Hejiang Highway Bridge over Yangtze River

    图  6  莲城大桥

    Figure  6.  Liancheng Bridge

    图  7  日本新西海大桥

    Figure  7.  New Sakai Bridge in Japan

    图  8  越南Hoang Van Thu桥

    Figure  8.  Hoang Van Thu Bridge in Vietnam

    图  9  混凝土拱桥跨径与材料强度发展趋势

    Figure  9.  Development trends of span and material strength of concrete arch bridges

    图  10  国外UHPC拱桥与斜腿刚构桥

    Figure  10.  UHPC arch bridges and slant leg rigid frame bridge abroad

    图  11  福州大学UHPC拱桥

    Figure  11.  UHPC arch bridge in Fuzhou University

    图  12  克罗地亚Skradin桥

    Figure  12.  Skradin Bridge in Croatia

    图  13  Svinesund二号桥

    Figure  13.  Svinesund No.2 Bridge

    图  14  福州大学校园景观桥

    Figure  14.  Landscape bridge in Fuzhou University

    表  1  2000年以来修建的大跨径钢拱桥

    Table  1.   Long-span steel arch bridges built since 2000

    序号 时间 地点 桥名 跨径/m
    1 2003 中国上海 卢浦大桥 550
    2 2007 中国广东 新光大桥 428
    3 2007 中国重庆 菜园坝大桥 420
    4 2007 中国重庆 朝天门大桥 552
    5 2010 中国重庆 大宁河大桥 400
    6 2011 中国浙江 明州大桥 450
    7 2012 中国广东 西江大桥 450
    8 2015 中国广东 第二横琴大桥 400
    9 2018 中国贵州 鸭池河大桥 436
    10 2019 中国湖北 秭归长江公路大桥 530
    11 在建 印度Katra Chenab桥 465
    12 在建 中国云南 大瑞铁路怒江大桥 490
    平均跨径 464
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  2000年以来修建的大跨径混凝土拱桥

    Table  2.   Long-span concrete arch bridges built since 2000

    序号 时间 地点 桥名 跨径/m
    1 2010 美国Arizona 胡佛大桥 323
    2 2013 中国四川 昭化嘉陵江大桥 364
    3 2016 中国贵州 云贵高铁南盘江大桥 416
    4 2016 中国云南 沪昆高铁北盘江大桥 445
    5 2016 西班牙Cáceres Almonte大桥 384
    6 2017 中国贵州 渝贵铁路夜郎河大桥 370
    7 2017 西班牙Cáceres Alcantara Reservoir桥 324
    8 在建 中国重庆 郑万铁路大宁河大桥 282
    9 在建 中国贵州 瓮马铁路乌江特大桥 337
    10 在建 中国云南 大瑞铁路澜沧江大桥 342
    11 在建 中国重庆 郑万高铁梅溪河大桥 340
    12 在建 中国四川 新市西宁河特大桥 510
    平均跨径 370
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  2000年以来修建的大跨径钢管混凝土拱桥

    Table  3.   Long-span concrete-filled steel tube arch bridges built since 2000

    序号 时间 地点 桥名 跨径/m
    1 2005 重庆巫山 巫山长江大桥 460
    2 2007 湖南湘潭 莲城大桥 400
    3 2009 湖北巴东 支井河大桥 430
    4 2009 云南蒙自 蒙新高速凉水沟大桥 430
    5 2013 四川合江 波司登大桥 530
    6 2019 贵州罗甸 大小井特大桥 450
    7 在建 四川合江 合江长江公路大桥 507
    8 在建 西藏加查 拉林铁路藏木特大桥 430
    9 在建 四川石棉 田湾大渡河大桥 466
    10 在建 广西平南 平南三桥 575
    平均跨径 468
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2019-11-10
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